How does innovation and modernization come about within public services? Are they the simple results of isomorphistic influences, crossing national boarders – without much ado? Aotearora New Zealand has been up front within the group of OECD countries which dramatically changed the face of the public sector since 1984. This Master-thesis deals with some general aspects of New Public Management (NPM) as this concept was dealt with in Aotearora New Zealand – with a particular emphasis on the socalled „child protection‟. This basic philosophy within Anglo-Saxon handling children, young persons and families is – as well as other historical perts – the very basis of this thesis. Two main angles are the very bulk of the historical and analytic intentions of this text: 1) the historical background of Aotearora New Zealand and its socioeconomic ambition to be in and maintain a position of a modern welfare state. In having this intention, however, Aotearora New Zealand seemed to fail in noticing the inevitable backlashes of economic prosperity. In this historical development the country was closely connected to others nations witin the Commenwealth and Anglophone world. But Aotearora New Zealand also picked and chose in for instance scientific results and legislation on children, young persons and families – leaving behind initiatives which might lead som to conclude that the status of being a welfare state did not appear on solid ground anaway. 2) Around the turn of the millennium the government of Aotearora New Zealand implemented the intention of a withdrawal of the state from insuring children and young persons good living conditions etc. Instead the non governmental organizations were expected to take over. The implementation suffered from several strategic failures – and the reaction from the ngo‟s were overwhelming. The thesis cocludes that NPM as such can not be seen as the simple cause of these failures. NPM could have become a leading management trend if not the basic ideas of NPM had been „taken over‟ and ideologized by political and economically oriented senior managers. The classical social welfare system, child protection and a modern network of formal and informal assistance to existence have suffered from this. Leadership across vectors of society, opening of agendas of locality and sociality are the main tasks for the future.
|Uddannelser||Master of Public Administration, (Masteruddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling|