The dissertation investigates how the common European development policy towards the ACP countries has evolved from originally being introduced as a French way to retain special interests in former African colonies to the common policy of today, which include matters of trade, development assistance and extensive European demands towards the conduct of ACP countries. Distinguishing between the multilateral and bilateral European development policies towards the ACP countries, the dissertation aims at clarifying whether the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals in 2000 has changed European attitude and priority of the ACP countries, which include the majority of the Least Developed Countries. The dissertation asserts that although European development assistance was up-scaled in the years following the adoption of the MDGs, recent years have showed a decrease from many European donors. In the meantime, the EU has not improved the trade conditions of the ACP countries, which has led to the ACP being further marginalised in the EU’s global trade. For the time being, the United Nations monitoring of the MDGs has consistently showed, that Sub- Saharan Africa is the region that has most difficulty realising the MDGs in 2015. Although the majority of ACP countries are situated in this region, it has neither been accompanied by multilateral nor bilateral European priority of aid to the region. Therefore it was no surprise that the majority of the ACP countries defied the EU in the 2007-negotiations concerning the Economic Partnership Agreements that appeared to be of clear advantage to the EU. The EU’s lack of will to realise its commitments would ultimately lead to ACP defiance once the circumstances allowed it. This dissertation argues, that if the EU does not deliver on its commitments concerning the MDGs, Europe risk losing influence in Africa to China, which could lead to a further destabilisation of the region given Chinas belief in the principle of non-interference, which in some instances has assisted dictators to cling to power in African states. Chinas dependency on African raw materials could furthermore lead to a rapid depletion of their natural resources and hereby undermine several years of European involvement in African development. Therefore, the EU should not use the current financial crisis as an excuse for not fulfilling their commitments in relation to the MDGs in the ACP countries, as this would severely undermine their authority and credibility in especially the African region. This will eventually require, that the EU looks beyond self-interests and promotes the priorities of the ACP countries to keep the development in the regions on a track that is compliant with the broad purpose of the development policy. The outcome by not fulfilling these commitments can ultimately be, that the future reason for European cooperation with African nations will be caused by security policy instead of the natural purpose of development policy: To eradicate poverty.
|Uddannelser||Cand.ling.merc Erhvervssprog og International Erhvervskommunikation (Interkulturel Marketing), (Kandidatuddannelse) Afsluttende afhandling|