Your Sentiment Matters: A Machine Learning Approach for Predicting Regime Changes in the Cryptocurrency Market

José Parra-Moyano, Daniel Partida, Moritz Gessl

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Abstract

Research suggests that a significant number of those investing in cryptocurrencies do not follow what we might call rational, profit-maximizing behavior. We also know that with the progressive lowering of entry barriers to online trading platforms, an increasing number of inexperienced investors are investing in cryptocurrencies. Increasingly, the behavior of investors contradicts the predictions made by traditional financial models and challenges the assumptions on which such models have previously relied when anticipating returns on cryptocurrency investments. To overcome this issue we develop a random forest model which we train with features stemming from a sentiment analysis performed on data generated by cryptocurrency enthusiasts using Twitter, Google Trends, and Reddit. Our findings show that such features have an important role to play in capturing the behavior of cryptocurrency investors and increase our model’s ability to anticipate regime changes in the cryptocurrency market. Our model outperforms the predictive ability of the Log-Periodic Power Law model—currently, the model most widely-used to predict regime changes in financial markets. These results imply that scholars and practitioners aiming to understand and predict the development of cryptocurrency markets stand to benefit from analyzing social media data generated by cryptocurrency enthusiasts.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 56th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
RedaktørerTung X. Bui
Antal sider10
UdgivelsesstedHonolulu
ForlagHawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)
Publikationsdato2023
Sider920-929
ISBN (Trykt)9780998133164
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023
BegivenhedThe 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. HICSS 2023 - Lahaina, USA
Varighed: 3 jan. 20236 jan. 2023
Konferencens nummer: 56
https://hicss.hawaii.edu/

Konference

KonferenceThe 56th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. HICSS 2023
Nummer56
Land/OmrådeUSA
ByLahaina
Periode03/01/202306/01/2023
Internetadresse
NavnProceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
ISSN1060-3425

Emneord

  • Bitcoin
  • Cryptocurrencies
  • LPPL
  • Machine Learning
  • Sentiment analysis

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