Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities

Farid Farrokhi, David Jinkins

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

In cross-sectional American census data, we document that isolated cities tend to have less wage inequality. To explain this correlation and other correlations between population and wages, we build an equilibrium empirical model that incorporates high and low-skill labor, costly trade, and both agglomeration and congestion forces. The model bridges the gap between the spatial inequality literature which abstracts from geography, and the economic geography literature which abstracts from inequality. We find that geographical location explains 9.2% of observed variation in wage inequality across American cities. In counterfactual experiments, we find that reductions in domestic trade costs benefit all American workers and decrease welfare inequality. We also examine the effects on inequality and welfare of both regional and national skill-biased technology shocks. We find that in larger cities wage inequality grows more than welfare inequality.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2017
Antal sider47
StatusUdgivet - 2017
Begivenhed2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics - Edinburgh, Storbritannien
Varighed: 22 jun. 201724 jun. 2017
https://www.economicdynamics.org/sedam_2017/

Konference

Konference2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics
LandStorbritannien
ByEdinburgh
Periode22/06/201724/06/2017
Internetadresse

Citer dette

Farrokhi, F., & Jinkins, D. (2017). Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities. Afhandling præsenteret på 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics , Edinburgh, Storbritannien.
Farrokhi, Farid ; Jinkins, David. / Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities. Afhandling præsenteret på 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics , Edinburgh, Storbritannien.47 s.
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abstract = "In cross-sectional American census data, we document that isolated cities tend to have less wage inequality. To explain this correlation and other correlations between population and wages, we build an equilibrium empirical model that incorporates high and low-skill labor, costly trade, and both agglomeration and congestion forces. The model bridges the gap between the spatial inequality literature which abstracts from geography, and the economic geography literature which abstracts from inequality. We find that geographical location explains 9.2{\%} of observed variation in wage inequality across American cities. In counterfactual experiments, we find that reductions in domestic trade costs benefit all American workers and decrease welfare inequality. We also examine the effects on inequality and welfare of both regional and national skill-biased technology shocks. We find that in larger cities wage inequality grows more than welfare inequality.",
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Farrokhi, F & Jinkins, D 2017, 'Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities' Paper fremlagt ved 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics , Edinburgh, Storbritannien, 22/06/2017 - 24/06/2017, .

Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities. / Farrokhi, Farid; Jinkins, David.

2017. Afhandling præsenteret på 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics , Edinburgh, Storbritannien.

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

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AU - Farrokhi, Farid

AU - Jinkins, David

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In cross-sectional American census data, we document that isolated cities tend to have less wage inequality. To explain this correlation and other correlations between population and wages, we build an equilibrium empirical model that incorporates high and low-skill labor, costly trade, and both agglomeration and congestion forces. The model bridges the gap between the spatial inequality literature which abstracts from geography, and the economic geography literature which abstracts from inequality. We find that geographical location explains 9.2% of observed variation in wage inequality across American cities. In counterfactual experiments, we find that reductions in domestic trade costs benefit all American workers and decrease welfare inequality. We also examine the effects on inequality and welfare of both regional and national skill-biased technology shocks. We find that in larger cities wage inequality grows more than welfare inequality.

AB - In cross-sectional American census data, we document that isolated cities tend to have less wage inequality. To explain this correlation and other correlations between population and wages, we build an equilibrium empirical model that incorporates high and low-skill labor, costly trade, and both agglomeration and congestion forces. The model bridges the gap between the spatial inequality literature which abstracts from geography, and the economic geography literature which abstracts from inequality. We find that geographical location explains 9.2% of observed variation in wage inequality across American cities. In counterfactual experiments, we find that reductions in domestic trade costs benefit all American workers and decrease welfare inequality. We also examine the effects on inequality and welfare of both regional and national skill-biased technology shocks. We find that in larger cities wage inequality grows more than welfare inequality.

M3 - Paper

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Farrokhi F, Jinkins D. Wage Inequality and the Location of Cities. 2017. Afhandling præsenteret på 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Dynamics , Edinburgh, Storbritannien.