Value Chain and Innovation at the Base of the Pyramid

Siim Esko, Mindaugas Zeromskis, Juliana Hsuan

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview artikelpeer review


Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the factors a multinational corporation should adapt when doing business at the bottom of the pyramid (BoP) markets.
Design/methodology/approach – Based on a systematic literature review on BoP, value chain and innovation, an integrative framework is introduced for analysing business readiness in BoP: organisation, value chain and strategy. Four diverse cases were analysed: GE’s reverse innovation project, GrameenPhone, Essilor, and P&G’s PuR.
Findings – BoP project should be a top-down supported separate entity with its own strategic processes and financial measurements. Working in the value chain requires diverse thinking in terms of interactivity, partners, setup, and governance. Involving customers and consumers in the innovation process is crucial. The venture also needs to make its offerings accessible, affordable, acceptable, available, and valuable to the customers. A step-by-step scale-up must be followed.
Originality/value – The BoP framework can be used as a practical roadmap for companies to analyse the readiness of the business venture and strategy development.
TidsskriftSouth Asian Journal of Global Business Research
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)230-250
Antal sider21
StatusUdgivet - 2013


  • Base of the pyramid
  • Value chain
  • Innovation, Strategy
  • Organisation
  • Integrative framework