In the management of the global COVID-19 pandemic, the mandated closure of workplaces and stay-at-home orders have forced workers to adapt to a prolonged period of unplanned telecommuting, which we term epidemic-induced telecommuting. Although epidemic-induced telecommuting has drastically altered how work is conducted, scant attention is being paid to this emerging work arrangement. To this end, we combine psychological reactance theory and person-environment fit theory to advance the concept of misfit between worker and environment as a core determinant of employees’ work experience in the epidemic-induced telecommuting. Particularly, we distinguish between supply-value and demand-ability misfits as constraints on workers’ freedom at work. Having analyzed data collected through a survey administered on remote workers, we discovered that both misfits positively influenced workers’ perceived psychological reactance, which led to work exhaustion and counter-productive behaviors. We also found that the utilization of collaborative technologies moderated the effects of misfit on workers’ psychological reactance.
Bibliografisk notePublished online 24 September 2022.
- Epidemic-induced telecommuting
- Psychological reactance
- Person-environment misfit
- Collaborative technologies