Understanding the Rise in Life Expectancy Inequality

Gordon B. Dahl, Claus Thustrup Kreiner, Torben Heien Nielsen, Benjamin Ly Serena*

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Abstract

We provide a novel decomposition of changing gaps in life expectancy between rich and poor into differential changes in age-specific mortality rates and differences in “survivability”. Declining age-specific mortality rates increases life expectancy, but the gain is small if the likelihood of living to this age is small (ex-ante survivability) or if the expected remaining lifetime is short (ex-post survivability). Lower survivability of the poor explains half of the recent rise in inequality in the US and the entire rise in Denmark. Declines in cardiovascular mortality benefited rich and poor, but inequality increased because of differences in lifestyle-related survivability.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftReview of Economics and Statistics
Vol/bind106
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)566–575
Antal sider10
ISSN0034-6535
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2024

Bibliografisk note

Published online: 20 December 2021.

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