The Unequal Battle Against Infertility: Theory and Evidence from IVF Success

Fane Naja Groes, Anna Houstecka, Daniela Iorio, Raul Santaeulàlia-Llopis

Publikation: Working paperForskning


Using Danish administrative data, we show that IVF success is associated with maternal education: College-educated women have a 9% higher live birth chance than high schooleducated women and 25% higher than dropouts. We exclude infertility causes, health, clinics, finances, and partner attributes as drivers. Instead, we focus on latent factors like ability and psychological traits. First, we show how proxies for these factors like Grade Point Average (GPA) shape IVF success. Second, we build a dynamic model of post-IVFfailure dropout where women differ in latent ability and psychological costs. Our model counterfactuals imply that ability explains 87% of the education gradient in IVF success, prompting a policy discussion.
UdgiverBarcelona School of Economics
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024
NavnBSE Working Paper


  • In-Vitro fertilization
  • Success
  • Inequality
  • Infertility
  • Education
  • Ability
  • Administrative data
  • Endogenous dropouts