The resource-based tangle: Towards a sustainable explanation of competitive advantage

Nicolai J. Foss, Thorbjørn Knudsen

    Publikation: Working paperForskning

    45 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstrakt

    The arguably dominant contemporary approach to the analysis of sustained competitive advantage is the resource-based view. Taking Barney (1991) and Peteraf (1993) as representative summary statements of the view, we argue that much resource-based research rests on partial, implicit and problematic assumptions, and that this has led to conclusions that are much less general than the proponents of the view believe. As an example, the widely cited ”value-rareness-inimitability” or “heterogeneity-immobility-ex post and ex ante limits to competition” lists do not stand up to scrutiny. In general, the view suffers from a confusion of what are necessary conditions for the expression of sustained competitive advantage and what are additional conditions, which only serve to give the expression of sustained competitive advantage a specific form. We argue that there are only two necessary conditions for the expression of sustained competitive advantage, namely uncertainty and immobility, and that all other conditions are additional.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Udgivelses stedFrederiksberg
    UdgiverInstitut for Industriøkonomi og Virksomhedsstrategi, Handelshøjskolen i København
    Antal sider41
    ISBN (Trykt)8778690501
    StatusUdgivet - 2000
    NavnWorking Paper / Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy. Copenhagen Business School
    Nummer2000-1
    ISSN1398-7461

    Emneord

    • Virksomhedens ressourcer
    • Konkurrencefordele
    • Ressourcebaseret teori

    Citationsformater

    Foss, N. J., & Knudsen, T. (2000). The resource-based tangle: Towards a sustainable explanation of competitive advantage. Institut for Industriøkonomi og Virksomhedsstrategi, Handelshøjskolen i København. Working Paper / Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy. Copenhagen Business School, Nr. 2000-1