The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration

Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment

Vera Rocha, Olenka Kacperczyk

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

Previous research has focused on the antecedents of entrepreneurship within communities, but little is known about the consequences of entrepreneurship for the community. Focusing on within-community integration, as indicated by violation of community norms through misconduct, we propose that regional boosts of entrepreneurial activity benefit communities. Using employer–employee matched data from Portugal between 2002 and 2010 and an exogenous increase in entrepreneurship, we find support for our claims. Following the enactment of entry deregulation policies which increased entrepreneurship, the incidence of norm violation through misconduct declined within the focal community. We further find that higher participation in the labor market and improved workforce conditions of disadvantaged groups is the key mechanism responsible for this effect. Workers from such groups are more likely to find employment and experience improvement in working conditions when entrepreneurship rates increase. The beneficial effect of entrepreneurship on misconduct was further amplified in communities with greater rates of unemployment and greater income inequality, confirming our prediction that entrepreneurship can serve as a vehicle to improve the standing of low-income communities.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2019
Antal sider38
StatusUdgivet - 2019
BegivenhedDRUID19 Conference - Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Danmark
Varighed: 19 jun. 201921 jun. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 41
https://conference.druid.dk/Druid/?confId=59

Konference

KonferenceDRUID19 Conference
Nummer41
LokationCopenhagen Business School
LandDanmark
ByFrederiksberg
Periode19/06/201921/06/2019
Internetadresse

Citer dette

Rocha, V., & Kacperczyk, O. (2019). The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration: Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment. Afhandling præsenteret på DRUID19 Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.
Rocha, Vera ; Kacperczyk, Olenka. / The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration : Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment. Afhandling præsenteret på DRUID19 Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.38 s.
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Rocha, V & Kacperczyk, O 2019, 'The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration: Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment' Paper fremlagt ved DRUID19 Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark, 19/06/2019 - 21/06/2019, .

The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration : Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment. / Rocha, Vera; Kacperczyk, Olenka.

2019. Afhandling præsenteret på DRUID19 Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

TY - CONF

T1 - The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration

T2 - Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment

AU - Rocha, Vera

AU - Kacperczyk, Olenka

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Previous research has focused on the antecedents of entrepreneurship within communities, but little is known about the consequences of entrepreneurship for the community. Focusing on within-community integration, as indicated by violation of community norms through misconduct, we propose that regional boosts of entrepreneurial activity benefit communities. Using employer–employee matched data from Portugal between 2002 and 2010 and an exogenous increase in entrepreneurship, we find support for our claims. Following the enactment of entry deregulation policies which increased entrepreneurship, the incidence of norm violation through misconduct declined within the focal community. We further find that higher participation in the labor market and improved workforce conditions of disadvantaged groups is the key mechanism responsible for this effect. Workers from such groups are more likely to find employment and experience improvement in working conditions when entrepreneurship rates increase. The beneficial effect of entrepreneurship on misconduct was further amplified in communities with greater rates of unemployment and greater income inequality, confirming our prediction that entrepreneurship can serve as a vehicle to improve the standing of low-income communities.

AB - Previous research has focused on the antecedents of entrepreneurship within communities, but little is known about the consequences of entrepreneurship for the community. Focusing on within-community integration, as indicated by violation of community norms through misconduct, we propose that regional boosts of entrepreneurial activity benefit communities. Using employer–employee matched data from Portugal between 2002 and 2010 and an exogenous increase in entrepreneurship, we find support for our claims. Following the enactment of entry deregulation policies which increased entrepreneurship, the incidence of norm violation through misconduct declined within the focal community. We further find that higher participation in the labor market and improved workforce conditions of disadvantaged groups is the key mechanism responsible for this effect. Workers from such groups are more likely to find employment and experience improvement in working conditions when entrepreneurship rates increase. The beneficial effect of entrepreneurship on misconduct was further amplified in communities with greater rates of unemployment and greater income inequality, confirming our prediction that entrepreneurship can serve as a vehicle to improve the standing of low-income communities.

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Rocha V, Kacperczyk O. The Impact of Entrepreneurship on Community Integration: Evidence from a Quasi-Natural Experiment. 2019. Afhandling præsenteret på DRUID19 Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.