The Geography of the European Creative Class: A Rank-Size Analysis

Mark Lorenzen, Kristina Vaarst Andersen

    Publikation: Working paperForskning

    Resumé

    Using novel statistical data, the paper analyzes the geographical distribution of Richard Florida’s creative class among 445 European cities. The paper demonstrates that size matters, i.e. cities with a high proportion of creative class tend to get more creative through attraction of still more creative labor. More specifically, the distribution of the European creative class falls into three phases, each approximating a rank-size rule, with different exponents (i.e., inequality). The exponent for the smallest cities is profoundly more negative than for the middle-sized cities, and this tendency is stronger for the creative class than for the general population. Furthermore, the exponent of the
    largest cities is slightly less negative than the middle-sized cities, and this tendency is also stronger for the creative class. In order to explain this, the paper presents four propositions about how effects of large and small population sizes of cities may be more detrimental to attracting the creative class than attracting the population in general. Below a population size of approximately 70,000 inhabitants, there is a rapid drop of attractiveness to the creative class with decreasing city size. We propose that this may be because below this size, cities begin to drop below minimum efficient market sizes for particular creative services, below minimum labor market sizes for particular
    creative job types, and below minimum levels of political representation by the creative class. Above a European city population size of approximately 1,2 million inhabitants, the attractiveness of increasing city size for the creative class drops, and we propose that the creative class may respond particularly adversely to urban congestion.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Udgivelses stedFrederiksberg
    UdgiverDRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics
    Antal sider36
    ISBN (Trykt)9788778732460
    StatusUdgivet - 2007
    NavnDRUID Working Paper
    Nummer07-17

    Citer dette

    Lorenzen, M., & Vaarst Andersen, K. (2007). The Geography of the European Creative Class: A Rank-Size Analysis . Frederiksberg: DRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics. DRUID Working Paper, Nr. 07-17
    Lorenzen, Mark ; Vaarst Andersen, Kristina. / The Geography of the European Creative Class : A Rank-Size Analysis . Frederiksberg : DRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics, 2007. (DRUID Working Paper; Nr. 07-17).
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    Lorenzen, M & Vaarst Andersen, K 2007 'The Geography of the European Creative Class: A Rank-Size Analysis ' DRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics, Frederiksberg.

    The Geography of the European Creative Class : A Rank-Size Analysis . / Lorenzen, Mark; Vaarst Andersen, Kristina.

    Frederiksberg : DRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics, 2007.

    Publikation: Working paperForskning

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    Lorenzen M, Vaarst Andersen K. The Geography of the European Creative Class: A Rank-Size Analysis . Frederiksberg: DRUID - Danish Research Unit for Industrial Dynamics. 2007.