Telemedicine in Intensive Care Units: Scoping Review

Camille Guinemer*, Martin Boeker, Daniel Fürstenau, Akira-Sebastian Poncette, Björn Weiss, Rudolf Mörgeli, Felix Balzer

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background:
The role of telemedicine in intensive care has been increasing steadily. Tele–intensive care unit (ICU) interventions are varied and can be used in different levels of treatment, often with direct implications for the intensive care processes. Although a substantial body of primary and secondary literature has been published on the topic, there is a need for broadening the understanding of the organizational factors influencing the effectiveness of telemedical interventions in the ICU.

Objective:
This scoping review aims to provide a map of existing evidence on tele-ICU interventions, focusing on the analysis of the implementation context and identifying areas for further technological research.

Methods:
A research protocol outlining the method has been published in JMIR Research Protocols. This review follows the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews). A core research team was assembled to provide feedback and discuss findings.

Results:
A total of 3019 results were retrieved. After screening, 25 studies were included in the final analysis. We were able to characterize the context of tele-ICU studies and identify three use cases for tele-ICU interventions. The first use case is extending coverage, which describes interventions aimed at extending the availability of intensive care capabilities. The second use case is improving compliance, which includes interventions targeted at improving patient safety, intensive care best practices, and quality of care. The third use case, facilitating transfer, describes telemedicine interventions targeted toward the management of patient transfers to or from the ICU.

Conclusions:
The benefits of tele-ICU interventions have been well documented for centralized systems aimed at extending critical care capabilities in a community setting and improving care compliance in tertiary hospitals. No strong evidence has been found on the reduction of patient transfers following tele-ICU intervention.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere32264
TidsskriftJournal of Medical Internet Research
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer11
Antal sider12
ISSN1439-4456
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2021

Emneord

  • Tele-ICU
  • Telemedicine
  • Critical care
  • Implementation
  • Telehealth
  • Health care system
  • Intensive care unit
  • Health technology
  • Digital health
  • Care compliance
  • Tertiary hospitals
  • Hospital
  • Review

Citationsformater