Social Exchange and Reciprocal Integration between Migrants and Locals at Work

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The negative discourse surrounding migration today often stems from a perception that migrants are a ‘burden’ to local communities, ‘getting’ more than they ‘give’. We propose a novel approach to theorizing migrant integration by developing a social exchange framework on the relation between migrants and locals in the workplace. The workplace is a critical space, because successful and meaningful employment is the single most important determinant of migrants’ overall contributions to society, and positive informal relations among colleagues support workplace performance. Reciprocal integration is defined as the process through which everyday voluntary exchange interactions between migrants and locals, which are returned in kind or paid forward, accumulate. Examples would be the continual exchange of favors, information, birthday wishes, and invitations to dinner among colleagues in acts that are not mere professional obligations, but are voluntary as well as mutually rewarding and corresponding over time. These small interpersonal episodes between migrants and locals enhance social cohesion at the workplace. Considering the role of power, status, and culture in exchange, we develop a set of propositions that detail how the process of reciprocal integration might unfold.
TitelProceedings of the Eighty-First Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management
RedaktørerSonia Taneja
Antal sider6
UdgivelsesstedBriarcliff Manor, NY
ForlagAcademy of Management
StatusUdgivet - 2021
BegivenhedThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2021: Bringing the Manager Back in Management - Online
Varighed: 29 jul. 20214 aug. 2021
Konferencens nummer: 81


KonferenceThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2021
NavnAcademy of Management Proceedings


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