Should I Stay or Must I Go?: Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes

Matilda Kilström, Birthe Larsen, Elisabet Olme

Publikation: Bidrag til konferencePaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.
We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.

Konference

KonferenceThe 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference
Nummer3
LokationCopenhagen Business School
LandDanmark
ByFrederiksberg
Periode06/03/201908/03/2019
Internetadresse

Emneord

    Citer dette

    Kilström, M., Larsen, B., & Olme, E. (2019). Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.
    Kilström, Matilda ; Larsen, Birthe ; Olme, Elisabet. / Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.65 s.
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    abstract = "We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.",
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    Kilström, M, Larsen, B & Olme, E 2019, 'Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes' Paper fremlagt ved The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark, 06/03/2019 - 08/03/2019, .

    Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. / Kilström, Matilda; Larsen, Birthe; Olme, Elisabet.

    2019. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.

    Publikation: Bidrag til konferencePaperForskningpeer review

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Should I Stay or Must I Go?

    T2 - Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes

    AU - Kilström,Matilda

    AU - Larsen,Birthe

    AU - Olme,Elisabet

    PY - 2019

    Y1 - 2019

    N2 - We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.

    AB - We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.

    KW - Refugees

    KW - Human capital

    KW - Immigration

    KW - Employment

    KW - Search

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Kilström M, Larsen B, Olme E. Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. 2019. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.