Should I Stay or Must I Go?

Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes

Matilda Kilström, Birthe Larsen, Elisabet Olme

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2019
Antal sider65
StatusUdgivet - 2019
BegivenhedThe 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference - Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Danmark
Varighed: 6 mar. 20198 mar. 2019
Konferencens nummer: 3
https://www.tilmeld.dk/thirdnordicchallenges

Konference

KonferenceThe 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference
Nummer3
LokationCopenhagen Business School
LandDanmark
ByFrederiksberg
Periode06/03/201908/03/2019
Internetadresse

Citer dette

Kilström, M., Larsen, B., & Olme, E. (2019). Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.
Kilström, Matilda ; Larsen, Birthe ; Olme, Elisabet. / Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.65 s.
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Kilström, M, Larsen, B & Olme, E 2019, 'Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes' Paper fremlagt ved The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark, 06/03/2019 - 08/03/2019, .

Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. / Kilström, Matilda; Larsen, Birthe; Olme, Elisabet.

2019. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

TY - CONF

T1 - Should I Stay or Must I Go?

T2 - Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes

AU - Kilström, Matilda

AU - Larsen, Birthe

AU - Olme, Elisabet

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.

AB - We study a Danish reform in 2002 that lowered the ex-ante probability of refugees receiving permanent residency by prolonging the time period before they were eligible to apply for such residency. Adherence to the new rules was entirely determined by the date of the asylum application and the reform was implemented retroactively. We formulate a simple search and matching model to derive predictions that can be tested using our data. Using registry based data on individuals in Denmark, we then study the effects on educational and labor-market outcomes and find that the reform significantly increased the enrollment in formal education, especially for females and low-skilled individuals. In terms of employment and earnings, the coefficients are in general negative but insignificant. Other outcomes of interest are also studied. The reform led to a decrease in criminal activity driven by a reduction among males. There are no effects on health outcomes and a significant but relatively small reduction in childbearing for females. The results do not seem to be driven by selection, since the reform had no significant effect on the share of refugees that stayed in Denmark in the long run.

KW - Refugees

KW - Human capital

KW - Immigration

KW - Employment

KW - Search

M3 - Paper

ER -

Kilström M, Larsen B, Olme E. Should I Stay or Must I Go? Temporary Refugee Protection and Labor-Market Outcomes. 2019. Afhandling præsenteret på The 3rd Nordic Challenges Conference, Frederiksberg, Danmark.