‘Same, but Different’: A Mixed-methods Realist Evaluation of a Cluster-randomized Controlled Participatory Organizational Intervention

Johan Simonsen Abildgaard*, Karina Nielsen, Christian Dyrlund Wåhlin-Jacobsen, Thomas Maltesen, Karl Bang Christensen, Andreas Holtermann

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Participatory organizational interventions are a recommended approach to improve the psychosocial work environment. As interventions of this type are shaped by employees and managers, their implementation can vary considerably, making evaluation challenging. This study contributes to our understanding of interventions by focusing on how the intervention mechanisms and the organizational context interact. In a mixed-methods design, we use multi-group structural equation modelling of pre-and post-intervention survey data (N = 204) to test multiple mediational mechanisms in three different contexts. We then analyse interviews (N = 67) and field observations of workshops to identify the role of contextual factors. The findings suggest that participatory organizational interventions do not produce one-size-fits-all results; on the contrary, intervention results are better understood as products of multiple intervention mechanisms interacting with the specific organizational contexts.
TidsskriftHuman Relations
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1339-1365
Antal sider27
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2020
Udgivet eksterntJa


  • Collective efficacy
  • Context
  • Structural equation modelling
  • Transformational leadership
  • Work environment