Regions Matter: How Localized Social Capital Affects Innovation and External Knowledge Acquisition

Keld Laursen, Francesca Masciarelli, Andrea Prencipe

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    Abstrakt

    To introduce new products, firms often use knowledge from other organizations. Drawing on social capital theory and the relational view of the firm, we argue that geographically localized social capital affects a firm's ability to innovate through various external channels. Combining data on social capital at the regional level, with a large-scale data set of the innovative activities of a representative sample of 2,413 Italian manufacturing firms from 21 regions, and controlling for a large set of firm and regional characteristics, we find that being located in a region characterized by a high level of social capital leads to a higher propensity to innovate. We find also that being located in an area characterized by a high degree of localized social capital is complementary to firms' investments in internal research and development (R&D) and that such a location positively moderates the effectiveness of externally acquired R&D on the propensity to innovate.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftOrganization Science
    Vol/bind23
    Udgave nummer1
    Sider (fra-til)177-193
    ISSN1047-7039
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2012

    Bibliografisk note

    Published online: May 17, 2011

    Emneord

    • Social capital
    • Social interaction
    • External R&D acquisition
    • Internal R&D
    • Product innovation

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