Orchestrating Transnational Environmental Governance in Maritime Shipping

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    Abstrakt

    Maritime shipping is the transmission belt of the global economy. It is also a major contributor to global environmental change through its under-regulated air, water and land impacts. It is puzzling that shipping is a lagging sector as it has a well-established global regulatory body—the International Maritime Organization. Drawing on original empirical evidence and archival data, we introduce a four-factor framework to investigate two main questions: why is shipping lagging in its environmental governance; and what is the potential for the International Maritime Organization to orchestrate emerging private ‘green shipping’ initiatives to achieve better ecological outcomes? Contributing to transnational governance theory, we find that conditions stalling regulatory progress include low environmental issue visibility, poor interest alignment, a broadening scope of environmental issues, and growing regulatory fragmentation and uncertainty. The paper concludes with pragmatic recommendations for the International Maritime Organization to acknowledge the regulatory difficulties and seize the opportunity to orchestrate environmental progress.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftGlobal Environmental Change
    Vol/bind34
    Udgave nummerSeptember
    Sider (fra-til)185-195
    Antal sider11
    ISSN0959-3780
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2015

    Emneord

    • Transnational environmental governance
    • Green shipping
    • Regulation
    • Private standards
    • Multi-stakeholder initiatives
    • Hybrid governance regimes
    • Orchestration

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