Neoclassical Growth, Manufacturing Agglomeration, and Terms of Trade

Dieter M. Urban

Publikation: Working paperForskning

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This paper presents an integrated view of economic growth, development traps, and economic geography. We explain why there is income convergence among some countries (neoclassical regime) and income divergence among others (poverty trap regime). Income convergence (divergence) and manufacturing industry diffusion (agglomeration) are re-enforcing each other in a cumulative process. Moreover, trade openness may trigger a catch-up process of an economy that is stuck in a “poverty trap”. This catch-up is characterized by an increase in the investment-to-GDP ratio and an improvement of the terms of trade.
UdgiverDepartment of Economics. Copenhagen Business School
Antal sider43
StatusUdgivet - 1998
NavnWorking Paper / Department of Economics. Copenhagen Business School


  • Convergence
  • Agglomeration
  • Poverty trap
  • Terms of Trade
  • Complementarity