Multinational Subsidiary Knowledge Protection: Do Mandates and Clusters Matter?

Wolfgang Sofka, Edlira Shehu, Pedro de Faria

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    Abstrakt

    International knowledge spillovers, especially through multinational companies (MNCs), have recently been a major topic of academic and management debate. However, most studies treat MNC subsidiaries as relatively passive actors. We challenge this assumption by investigating the drivers of knowledge protection intensity of MNC subsidiaries. We argue that knowledge protection intensity is determined by MNC subsidiary mandates and by opportunities and risks originating from the host region. We hypothesize that not just competence-creating but also competence-exploiting mandates increase knowledge protection intensity. In addition, technological cluster regions in the host country can be expected to provide opportunities for knowledge sourcing and MNC subsidiaries may be willing to protect knowledge less intensively to participate in cluster networks. We test our hypotheses using a dataset of 694 observations of 631 MNC subsidiaries in Germany and develop recommendations for research, managers and policy makers.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftResearch Policy
    Vol/bind43
    Udgave nummer8
    Sider (fra-til)1320–1333
    ISSN0048-7333
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2014

    Emneord

    • Knowledge protection
    • Multinational companies
    • Patenting

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