Job Creation and Job Types: New Evidence from Danish Entrepreneurs

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

We extend earlier analyses of the job creation of start-ups versus established firms by considering the educational content of the jobs created and destroyed. We define education-specific measures of job creation and job destruction at the firm level, and we use these measures to construct a measure of “surplus job creation”, defined as jobs created on top of any simultaneous destruction of similar jobs in incumbent firms in the same region and industry. Using Danish employer-employee data from 2002–2007 that identify the start-ups and that cover almost the entire private sector, these measures allow us to provide a more nuanced assessment of the role of entrepreneurial firms in the job-creation process than in previous studies. Our findings show that although start-ups are responsible for the entire overall net job creation, incumbents account for more than one-third of net job creation within high-skilled jobs. Moreover, start-ups “only” create approximately half of the surplus jobs and even less of the high-skilled surplus jobs. Finally, our approach allows us to characterise and identify differences across industries, educational groups and regions.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Economic Review
Vol/bind86
Sider (fra-til)161-187
Antal sider27
ISSN0014-2921
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2016

Emneord

  • job creation
  • Entrepreneurial firms
  • Start-ups
  • Surplus job creation

Citationsformater