International Business, Multinational Enterprises and Nationality of the Company: A Constructive Review of Literature

Alfred Reckendrees*, Boris Gehlen, Christian Marx

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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    In the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis, the long-held confidence that ‘nationality’ would not matter in a globalised economy has dwindled. As the impact of economic and foreign policy on firms’ internationalisation and investment decisions appears to grow, and economic nationalism built on constructs of ‘nationality of the company’ gains weight, companies doing business abroad, including multinational enterprises operating in the US and Europe, are increasingly exposed to (often unexpected) implications of their ‘nationality’. We elaborate on related perspectives to the theme developed in the IB, global strategy, and international management literature and in business history. Based on these readings, we conceptualise the opaque notion of ‘nationality of the company’ and outline perspectives. We argue that ‘nationality’ appears in very different ways and suggest that research should focus more on specific political and institutional environments, and specific constructs of ‘nationality’.
    TidsskriftBusiness History
    Udgave nummer9
    Sider (fra-til)1567-1599
    Antal sider33
    StatusUdgivet - dec. 2022

    Bibliografisk note

    Published online: 14 September 2022.


    • Nationality
    • Political risk
    • Country risk
    • Cultural risk
    • Cultural distance
    • Liability of foreigness
    • Nationality planning
    • Tax planning
    • Headquaters change
    • Multinational enterprise
    • Multinational company
    • Emerging markets multinationals