How Does Self-concept Clarity Influence Happiness in Social Settings? The Role of Strangers Versus Friends

Ezgi Merdin-Uygur, Gülen Sarial Abi, Zeynep Gürhan-Canli, Ozlem Hesapci

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Self-concept clarity (SCC), defined as the extent to which the content of an individual’s self-beliefs is clearly and confidently defined and internally consistent, influences experiences in social relationships. This paper extends the previous literature on SCC by proposing and demonstrating that high-SCC individuals anticipate and experience more happiness than low-SCC individuals when they share a social setting with friends and anticipate and experience less happiness than low-SCC individuals when they share a social setting with strangers and that this is because of perceived interpersonal distance. A series of four studies, including both online studies and a field study, support these predictions. Alternative explanations of self-esteem and self-efficacy are also ruled out. The findings yield both theoretical contributions and practical implications.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSelf and Identity
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)443-466
Antal sider25
ISSN1529-8868
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa

Emneord

  • Self-concept clarity
  • Perceived interpersonal distance
  • Experience with strangers
  • Experience with friends
  • Happiness

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