Higher Education, Human Capital, and Regional Dynamics in Southern Europe

Ricardo Biscaia, Pedro N. Teixeira, Vera Rocha, Margarida Fonseca Cardoso

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    Abstrakt

    Although the term “human capital” has remote historical roots, being already widespread in the writings of the founding fathers of economic analysis, it was during the second half of the twentieth century that an increasing debate around human capital emerged among scholars. The increasing relevance of human capital for economic growth was also associated with the role of technology and its impact in enhancing the demand for more and better qualified workers. However, the capacity of societies to take advantage of those investments has been found to be more complex and uncertain than it was initially portrayed. A more recent line of research started recognizing the potential role of human capital also at the regional level. In this chapter we aim at understanding the role of human capital on regional convergence for Southern Europe countries, with particular emphasis in recent empirical studies. We discuss the role of human capital in the framework of growth convergence theories and the issue of human capital migration as a potential factor influencing regional disparities in Europe. Then we focus on an important component of human capital formation—the role of higher education institutions at the regional level and we review the empirical findings on these issues in the context of Southern Europe (Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain). Finally we provide a brief exploratory analysis of the potential association between the education of the population and the GDP per capita at the regional-level for those four countries.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TitelRegional Upgrading in Southern Europe : Spatial Disparities and Human Capital
    RedaktørerMadalena Fonseca, Ugo Fratesi
    Antal sider22
    UdgivelsesstedCham
    ForlagSpringer
    Publikationsdato2017
    Sider323-344
    Kapitel14
    ISBN (Trykt)978319498171
    ISBN (Elektronisk)9783319498188
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2017
    NavnAdvances in Spatial Science
    ISSN1430-9602

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