Going Nordic: Can the Nordic Model Tackle Grand Challenges and Be a Beacon to Follow?

Caroline de la Porte*, Mads Dagnis Jensen, Jon Kvist

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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Nordic countries are known for having extensive welfare services, a highly compressed wage structure owing to strong social partners, as well as effective regulation and governance in public administration. Various typologies capture aspects of the institutional features of families of nations across various policy areas, showing that there is a specific Nordic variant of political economy. While there is an extensive literature focusing on socio-economic outcomes in the Nordic countries, there is less scholarly focus on the linkages between the regulatory processes, and their policy output, in response to various challenges. This volume examines how exogenous challenges (market liberalization promoted by EU integration and the gig economy, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic) and endogenous challenges in the welfare state (regulation of child-care quality and retirement ages) are tackled in a selection of Nordic countries. After a bibliometric analysis on the state of the literature, features of the Nordic model are presented. Then, the contributions of the articles to the special issue are summarized, after which lessons for other models of political economy are pinpointed. We find that although there is high variation within the Nordics in the studies of the special issue, there is a trend whereby, over time, a broader range of actors involved in the policy and regulatory process. Although not perfect, challenges are solved incrementally and often at an early stage. In other words, the Nordic regulatory model is highly adaptable to different challenges. Thus, the Nordic model does present crucial lessons for other types of political economy.
TidsskriftRegulation & Governance
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)595-607
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Published online: 12 September 2022.


  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Labor markets
  • Nodic model
  • Political economy
  • Welfare state