Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland

Sidsel Kjems, Trine Bille

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

Resumé

This article analyses the financing of seven national churches in a large comparative study. The national churches in the Nordic countries and in England and Scotland are compared. They have many similarities in terms of history, intertwinement with the state, type and level of religiosity of the population, public role and public responsibilities, but the level of financing differs greatly.
The purpose of the article is to discuss possible explanations for the differences in the level of financing. Adjusting for cost of public service tasks and for GDP leaves a large difference in financing among the seven national churches. We suggest that the source of finance is a determinant factor for the level of finance of national churches. Comparing the sources and level of financing of seven national churches in the Nordic countries, England and Scotland shows that financing by a taxation right yields larger revenue for a national church than financing by general tax over the state or municipality budgets. Tax-deductible, private donations yield the lowest revenue of the three financing models. Classical economic theory finds it hard to explain why the old established churches in Denmark, Sweden
and Finland has a much higher level of finance than Church of England and Church of Scotland, as all churches mainly are financed by voluntary contributions. We will draw on the theory of choice architecture to explain the phenomenon.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2017
Antal sider29
StatusUdgivet - 2017
BegivenhedThe 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research - University of Jyväskylä, Helsinki, Finland
Varighed: 23 aug. 201725 aug. 2017
Konferencens nummer: 8
https://www.jyu.fi/en/congress/nccpr2017

Konference

KonferenceThe 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research
Nummer8
LokationUniversity of Jyväskylä
LandFinland
ByHelsinki
Periode23/08/201725/08/2017
Internetadresse

Bibliografisk note

CBS Bibliotek har ikke adgang til materialet

Emneord

  • Choice architecture
  • Behavioural economics
  • Choice environment
  • Church tax
  • Financing of churches

Citer dette

Kjems, S., & Bille, T. (2017). Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland. Afhandling præsenteret på The 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Helsinki, Finland.
Kjems, Sidsel ; Bille, Trine. / Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland. Afhandling præsenteret på The 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Helsinki, Finland.29 s.
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Kjems, S & Bille, T 2017, 'Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland' Paper fremlagt ved The 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Helsinki, Finland, 23/08/2017 - 25/08/2017, .

Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland. / Kjems, Sidsel; Bille, Trine.

2017. Afhandling præsenteret på The 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Helsinki, Finland.

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review

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AU - Bille, Trine

N1 - CBS Library does not have access to the material

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This article analyses the financing of seven national churches in a large comparative study. The national churches in the Nordic countries and in England and Scotland are compared. They have many similarities in terms of history, intertwinement with the state, type and level of religiosity of the population, public role and public responsibilities, but the level of financing differs greatly.The purpose of the article is to discuss possible explanations for the differences in the level of financing. Adjusting for cost of public service tasks and for GDP leaves a large difference in financing among the seven national churches. We suggest that the source of finance is a determinant factor for the level of finance of national churches. Comparing the sources and level of financing of seven national churches in the Nordic countries, England and Scotland shows that financing by a taxation right yields larger revenue for a national church than financing by general tax over the state or municipality budgets. Tax-deductible, private donations yield the lowest revenue of the three financing models. Classical economic theory finds it hard to explain why the old established churches in Denmark, Swedenand Finland has a much higher level of finance than Church of England and Church of Scotland, as all churches mainly are financed by voluntary contributions. We will draw on the theory of choice architecture to explain the phenomenon.

AB - This article analyses the financing of seven national churches in a large comparative study. The national churches in the Nordic countries and in England and Scotland are compared. They have many similarities in terms of history, intertwinement with the state, type and level of religiosity of the population, public role and public responsibilities, but the level of financing differs greatly.The purpose of the article is to discuss possible explanations for the differences in the level of financing. Adjusting for cost of public service tasks and for GDP leaves a large difference in financing among the seven national churches. We suggest that the source of finance is a determinant factor for the level of finance of national churches. Comparing the sources and level of financing of seven national churches in the Nordic countries, England and Scotland shows that financing by a taxation right yields larger revenue for a national church than financing by general tax over the state or municipality budgets. Tax-deductible, private donations yield the lowest revenue of the three financing models. Classical economic theory finds it hard to explain why the old established churches in Denmark, Swedenand Finland has a much higher level of finance than Church of England and Church of Scotland, as all churches mainly are financed by voluntary contributions. We will draw on the theory of choice architecture to explain the phenomenon.

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Kjems S, Bille T. Financing of the National Churches in the Nordic Countries, England and Scotland. 2017. Afhandling præsenteret på The 8th Nordic Conference on Cultural Policy Research, Helsinki, Finland.