Exploring the Boomerang Effect: The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing

Keld Laursen, M. Isabella Leone, Solon Moreira, Toke Reichstein

    Publikation: Bidrag til konferencePaperForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    Licensing is one of the most commonly observed inter-firm contractual agreements.Drawing on the resource-based view of the firm and contract economics, we argue that the inclusion of a grant-back clause in licensing agreements emerges as a consequence of the licensor and licensee firms’ requirements to balance the need to protect their technological resources with the need to learn through internal and external processes. We argue that licensing
    agreements are increasingly likely to contain a grant-back clause (i) the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensor’s patent portfolio, and (ii) the higher the uncertainty of the licensed technology. In contrast, we conjecture decreasing likelihood of a grant-back clause, the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensee’s patent portfolio. Technological uncertainty is conjectured to positively moderate the results both when the licensed technology is part of the core technology of the licensee and the licensor. We test our hypotheses using a sample of 404 licensed technologies over the period 1984-2004. We employ a hierarchical nested decision model to account for the inclusion of a grant-back clause in a licensing contract nested in the decision about which technologies to license out. We find broad support for our theoretical
    arguments
    Licensing is one of the most commonly observed inter-firm contractual agreements.Drawing on the resource-based view of the firm and contract economics, we argue that the inclusion of a grant-back clause in licensing agreements emerges as a consequence of the licensor and licensee firms’ requirements to balance the need to protect their technological resources with the need to learn through internal and external processes. We argue that licensing
    agreements are increasingly likely to contain a grant-back clause (i) the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensor’s patent portfolio, and (ii) the higher the uncertainty of the licensed technology. In contrast, we conjecture decreasing likelihood of a grant-back clause, the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensee’s patent portfolio. Technological uncertainty is conjectured to positively moderate the results both when the licensed technology is part of the core technology of the licensee and the licensor. We test our hypotheses using a sample of 404 licensed technologies over the period 1984-2004. We employ a hierarchical nested decision model to account for the inclusion of a grant-back clause in a licensing contract nested in the decision about which technologies to license out. We find broad support for our theoretical
    arguments

    Konference

    KonferenceThe 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship
    Nummer35
    LokationESADE Business School, Ramon Llull University
    LandSpanien
    ByBarcelona
    Periode17/06/201319/06/2013
    AndetThe DRUID Society Conference 2013
    Internetadresse

    Emneord

    • Grant-back Clause
    • Technology Licensing
    • Core Technology
    • Technological Uncertainty

    Citer dette

    Laursen, K., Leone, M. I., Moreira, S., & Reichstein, T. (2013). Exploring the Boomerang Effect: The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing. Afhandling præsenteret på The 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Barcelona, Spanien.
    Laursen, Keld ; Leone, M. Isabella ; Moreira, Solon ; Reichstein, Toke. / Exploring the Boomerang Effect : The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing. Afhandling præsenteret på The 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Barcelona, Spanien.37 s.
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    Laursen, K, Leone, MI, Moreira, S & Reichstein, T 2013, 'Exploring the Boomerang Effect: The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing' Paper fremlagt ved The 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Barcelona, Spanien, 17/06/2013 - 19/06/2013, .

    Exploring the Boomerang Effect : The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing. / Laursen, Keld; Leone, M. Isabella; Moreira, Solon; Reichstein, Toke.

    2013. Afhandling præsenteret på The 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Barcelona, Spanien.

    Publikation: Bidrag til konferencePaperForskningpeer review

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    AU - Laursen,Keld

    AU - Leone,M. Isabella

    AU - Moreira,Solon

    AU - Reichstein,Toke

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    N2 - Licensing is one of the most commonly observed inter-firm contractual agreements.Drawing on the resource-based view of the firm and contract economics, we argue that the inclusion of a grant-back clause in licensing agreements emerges as a consequence of the licensor and licensee firms’ requirements to balance the need to protect their technological resources with the need to learn through internal and external processes. We argue that licensing agreements are increasingly likely to contain a grant-back clause (i) the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensor’s patent portfolio, and (ii) the higher the uncertainty of the licensed technology. In contrast, we conjecture decreasing likelihood of a grant-back clause, the closer the licensed technology is to the core of the licensee’s patent portfolio. Technological uncertainty is conjectured to positively moderate the results both when the licensed technology is part of the core technology of the licensee and the licensor. We test our hypotheses using a sample of 404 licensed technologies over the period 1984-2004. We employ a hierarchical nested decision model to account for the inclusion of a grant-back clause in a licensing contract nested in the decision about which technologies to license out. We find broad support for our theoretical arguments

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    Laursen K, Leone MI, Moreira S, Reichstein T. Exploring the Boomerang Effect: The Role of Core Technologies and Uncertainty in Explaining the Use of the Grant-Back Clause in Technology Licensing. 2013. Afhandling præsenteret på The 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013: Innovation, Strategy and Entrepreneurship, Barcelona, Spanien.