English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance

Robert Phillipson, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

    Resumé

    The chapter analyses how English became dominant and the implications of the expansion of dominant languages for the linguistic and cultural ecology and biodiversity. English has expanded through the imperialist and linguicist policies of the UK, the USA and the World Bank. Key structural and ideological parameters are identified. In postcolonial contexts, language in education policies remain largely unchanged. Linguicism can lead to linguicide. The need for terminological clarity is stressed: for instance “lingua franca” should not imply that language is unconnected to power. A multidisciplinary approach to analysing the relationships between linguistic and other diversities is needed. There is hard data on ecolinguistic impoverishment: diversity of all kinds is seriously endangered. Examples are given of mother-tongue-based multilingual education in Africa and of Nordic policies to maintain the vitality of local languages. However, these are up against the market forces behind English and European Union policies that strengthen English.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TitelThe Oxford Handbook of World Englishes
    RedaktørerMarkku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, Devyani Sharma
    Udgivelses stedOxford
    ForlagOxford University Press
    Publikationsdato2017
    Sider312-332
    Kapitel16
    ISBN (Trykt)9780199777716
    ISBN (Elektronisk)9780199985036
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2017

    Bibliografisk note

    Published online December 2013

    Citer dette

    Phillipson, R., & Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (2017). English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance. I M. Filppula, J. Klemola, & D. Sharma (red.), The Oxford Handbook of World Englishes (s. 312-332). Oxford: Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199777716.013.005
    Phillipson, Robert ; Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove. / English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance. The Oxford Handbook of World Englishes. red. / Markku Filppula ; Juhani Klemola ; Devyani Sharma. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017. s. 312-332
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    Phillipson, R & Skutnabb-Kangas, T 2017, English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance. i M Filppula, J Klemola & D Sharma (red), The Oxford Handbook of World Englishes. Oxford University Press, Oxford, s. 312-332. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199777716.013.005

    English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance. / Phillipson, Robert; Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove.

    The Oxford Handbook of World Englishes. red. / Markku Filppula; Juhani Klemola; Devyani Sharma. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2017. s. 312-332.

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

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    PY - 2017

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    AB - The chapter analyses how English became dominant and the implications of the expansion of dominant languages for the linguistic and cultural ecology and biodiversity. English has expanded through the imperialist and linguicist policies of the UK, the USA and the World Bank. Key structural and ideological parameters are identified. In postcolonial contexts, language in education policies remain largely unchanged. Linguicism can lead to linguicide. The need for terminological clarity is stressed: for instance “lingua franca” should not imply that language is unconnected to power. A multidisciplinary approach to analysing the relationships between linguistic and other diversities is needed. There is hard data on ecolinguistic impoverishment: diversity of all kinds is seriously endangered. Examples are given of mother-tongue-based multilingual education in Africa and of Nordic policies to maintain the vitality of local languages. However, these are up against the market forces behind English and European Union policies that strengthen English.

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    KW - Mother-tongue based multilingual education

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    Phillipson R, Skutnabb-Kangas T. English, Language Dominance, and Ecolinguistic Diversity Maintenance. I Filppula M, Klemola J, Sharma D, red., The Oxford Handbook of World Englishes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2017. s. 312-332 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199777716.013.005