Different Creative Cities: Exploring Danish Data to Adapt the Creative Class Argument to Small Welfare Economies

Mark Lorenzen, Kristina Vaarst Andersen

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    This article uses a mixed-method study of Denmark to investigate whether and how Richard Florida's creative class theory should be adapted to small welfare economies. First, we carry out an econometric analyses showing that like in North America, the Danish creative class propels economic growth and exhibits a tendency of congregating in major cities with diverse service and cultural offers and tolerance to non-mainstream lifestyles. However, we find that a range of smaller Danish cities also attract the creative class. Second, we undertake qualitative interviews that facilitate theory building. We suggest that many creatives are attracted by the smaller cities' cost advantages, specialized job offers, attractive work/life balances, and authenticity and sense of community. The article synthesizes its results into four stylized types of creative cities, and concludes by discussing the policy challenges associated with these different cities.
    TidsskriftCreative Industries Journal
    Udgave nummer1
    Sider (fra-til)123-136
    Antal sider14
    StatusUdgivet - 2012


    • clusters
    • welfare economy
    • Services
    • cultural offer
    • creative class
    • creative city types