Determinants of Inventorship: Family Environment and Parental Forces

Myriam Mariani, Karin Hoisl, H.C. Kongsted

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportKonferenceabstrakt i proceedingsForskningpeer review


With registry data on 1.4 million individuals in Denmark born 1966-1985, we document large differences between genders in their propensities to become inventors. We also show that parental resources and background predict children’s choices of high school track and field of tertiary education, and through them they affect the probability to become an inventor. These factors benefit boys disproportionately more than girls, causing at least part of the gender gap in science and innovation. Parental inventorship matters for children to transition into the inventive job, over and above their educational trajectories, but only for boys. By focusing on a sample of first-born girls and exploiting the randomness of the gender of their second-born sibling, we investigate the mechanisms that likely drive these asymmetric effects. While role models and parental specialization seem to drive the educational choices of children, the effect of parental inventorship that benefits mostly boys is likely because parents anticipate girls to be confronted with a “men’s job”. Thus, to raise the share of women inventors, in addition to further women’s enrolment into STEM, we need to change the threat of this profession being a male kingdom.
TitelProceedings of the Eighty-first Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management
RedaktørerSonia Taneja
Antal sider1
UdgivelsesstedBriarcliff Manor, NY
ForlagAcademy of Management
StatusUdgivet - 2021
BegivenhedThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2021: Bringing the Manager Back in Management - Online, Virtual, Online
Varighed: 29 jul. 20214 aug. 2021
Konferencens nummer: 81


KonferenceThe Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2021
ByVirtual, Online
NavnAcademy of Management Proceedings