Responsible innovation in artificial intelligence (AI) calls for public deliberation: well-informed "deep democratic"debate that involves actors from the public, private, and civil society sectors in joint efforts to critically address the goals and means of AI. Adopting such an approach constitutes a challenge, however, due to the opacity of AI and strong knowledge boundaries between experts and citizens. This undermines trust in AI and undercuts key conditions for deliberation. We approach this challenge as a problem of situating the knowledge of actors from the AI industry within a deliberative system. We develop a new framework of responsibilities for AI innovation as well as a deliberative governance approach for enacting these responsibilities. In elucidating this approach, we show how actors from the AI industry can most effectively engage with experts and nonexperts in different social venues to facilitate well-informed judgments on opaque AI systems and thus effectuate their democratic governance.
Bibliografisk noteEpub ahead of print. Published online: 24 January 2022.
- Artificial intelligence (AI)
- AI ethics
- AI governance
- Responsible innovation
- Political corporate social responsibility (PCSR)
- Deliberative democracy