Co-construction of Performance Indicators for a Circular City and Its Relation to a Local Action Net

Justyna Bekier*, Cristiana Parisi

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

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This study examines how circular economy (CE) performance indicators are constructed in an urban context characterised by a multitude of conflicting interests and visions of urban development. It explores the process of constructing a shared consensus about the performance indicators in conditions of low contractibility, where intervention objectives and outcomes are not easily quantifiable because the object is ambiguous and cannot be fully specified in advance.

The construction of performance indicators at the urban level is examined through the lens of an action net. Using group interviews, observations and documentary analysis, this study investigates the case of a CE initiative in the city of Milan.

The study demonstrates that in cases of low contractibility, the development of CE solutions requires actions that span across organisational boundaries, organised in an action net. As the action net unfolds, it is closely knotted with the construction of performance indicators, indicating a co-constitutive relationship between the two processes.

This interdisciplinary study contributes to the public sector accounting literature by exploring the complexity of performance indicator construction at the urban level. It further recognises performance measurement in cities as a dynamic and flexible process, in which the interconnected actions and involvement of multiple actants shape the composition of the indicators.
TidsskriftAccounting, Auditing and Accountability Journal
Antal sider25
StatusUdgivet - 13 jun. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: 13 June 2023


  • Circular economy
  • Performance measurement
  • City
  • Action net
  • Public sector accounting