Challenging or Enhancing the EU's Legitimacy? The Evolution of Representative Bureaucracy in the Commision's Staff Policies

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    This article presents an analysis of the European Commission’s staffing policies. It focuses in particular on the extent to which, over time, the Commission has taken the criterion of nationality into account. The theoretical framework of this study is the theory of representative bureaucracy. The article shows that, although the Commission does not use a quota system, its staffing policies have evolved from a limited practice of representation to a complex, explicit, but flexible strategy of representation, which satisfies the criteria of representative bureaucracy. However, due to the duty of loyalty to which civil servants of the European Union submit, these policies only satisfy the criterion of passive representation. The article ends on an explorative note, with the hypothesis that a third type of representation exists. It suggests the creation of a third concept, linkage representation, to account for this
    TidsskriftJournal of Public Administration Research and Theory
    Udgave nummer4
    Sider (fra-til)817-838
    Antal sider22
    StatusUdgivet - okt. 2013


    • European Union
    • Public Administration
    • Monetary Unions
    • Organizational Inertia
    • Evaluation
    • Study and Teaching
    • Rational-legal Authority