Buyer-driven Greening? Cargo-Owners and Environmental Upgrading in Maritime Shipping

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    Abstrakt

    In this article, we examine the relations between global value chain governance and environmental upgrading in maritime shipping. Drawing from interviews with global shipping companies and major buyers of shipping services (cargo-owners), we reveal the key issues and challenges faced in improving the environmental performance of maritime transportation. Contributing to the Global Value Chain (GVC) literature, we compare and analyze the influence of three main external drivers on environmental upgrading in the tanker, bulk and container shipping segments: regulation, cooperation and buyer demands. Our findings suggest that environmental upgrading is more likely to occur when global value chains are characterized by unipolar governance and where the lead firms are consumer-facing companies with reputational risks. Furthermore, environmental upgrading in shipping is not likely to materialize without clear and enforceable global regulation and stronger alignment between regulation and voluntary sustainability initiatives.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftGeoforum
    Vol/bind68
    Udgave nummerjan
    Sider (fra-til)57-68
    Antal sider12
    ISSN0016-7185
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jan. 2016

    Emneord

    • Environmental upgrading
    • Global value chains
    • Sustainability
    • Corporate environmental responsibility
    • Maritime shipping

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