We investigate the effects of automation on total factor productivity (TFP). Using Industry-level panel data for nine countries, we find that more intensive use of industrial robots has a significantly positive effect on TFP. Specifically, an increase of one standard deviation in the robot intensity is associated with more than 6% higher TFP. Moreover, we find that the robot intensity increases with Chinese import competition and that automation is associated with higher wages and unchanged or higher employment.
Bibliografisk noteEpub ahead of print. Published online: 30. July 2019
Kromann, L., Malchow-Møller, N., Rose Skaksen, J., & Sørensen, A. (2020). Automation and Productivity - a Cross-country, Cross-industry Comparison. Industrial and Corporate Change, 29(2), 265-287. https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtz039