Are Genetics and Environment Substitutes or Complements in Affecting Entrepreneurial Choice?

    Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskningpeer review


    Recent twin and adoption studies have shown that genes matter for entrepreneurial choice. This related study addresses how a genetic predisposition to entrepreneurship interacts with the (entrepreneurship friendliness of the) environment, using a dataset of Italian twins. In particular, we study whether the genetic effect is different across genders, based on the stylized fact that barriers to entrepreneurship entry are stronger for females than for males. Using regression analysis, the study confirms earlier findings showing substantial genetic effects. More interestingly, the study finds that the genetic effect drops when the environment is less favorable – namely when the individual is female. The result of a positive interaction between predisposition and environment implies that the environment and predisposition can be considered complements rather than substitutes, that institutions play a role, and that a favorable environment to entrepreneurship selects those with higher predisposition rather than simply increasing the rate of self-employment.
    Antal sider39
    StatusUdgivet - 2016
    BegivenhedThe DRUID 20th Anniversary Conference 2016: Innovation and the Dynamics of Change - Copenhagen Business School, København, Danmark
    Varighed: 13 jun. 201615 jun. 2016
    Konferencens nummer: 38


    KonferenceThe DRUID 20th Anniversary Conference 2016
    LokationCopenhagen Business School
    AndetThe DRUID Society Conference 2016
    SponsorCopenhagen Business School


    • Entrepreneurship
    • Entrepreneurial environment
    • Twins