Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

Resumé

Min forskning fokuserer på ‘payments for ecosysten services’ (PES), som er en prominent strategi til at adressere økonomiske eksternaliteter ved udvinding og processering af råstoffer, for dermed at forbedre både de økonomiske og miljømæssige resultater. På baggrund af disse nyskabende former for institutioner anvender min forskning PES som cases for at studere institutionsdannelse, hvortil mit primære undersøgelsesspørgsmål er, ”hvordan bliver institutioner som understøtter PES dannet?” I denne henseende omfatter min forskning både miljøøkonomi og erhvervsstudier med henblik på at undersøge hvordan PES-initiativer bedre kan inkorporere den private sektor, som vil være essentiel for at opnå succes. Som følge af den udbredte entusiasme, er PES og blevet konfronteret med en betydelig, legitim kritik. Min forskningsdagsorden fokuserer på en kritisk analyse af udviklingen af PES med organisatorisk institutionalisme (organizational institutionalism) som tilgang. Jeg anvender hovedsageligt litteraturen omkring institutionelt arbejde (institutional work), der fungerer som en optik til at forstå omlægningen af eksisterende praksis og normer (Lawrence & Suddaby, 2006). Forskningen søger at tilbyde et unikt bidrag med at fortolke PES gennem et neo-institutionelt perspektiv. Gennem både kvalitativt og kvantitativ metode identificeres en central mangel i mange hidtidige undersøgelser af PES: en smal opfattelse af institutioner som regler der ignorer mere subtile måder, hvorpå institutioner og magt er involveret i dannelsen af PES-systemer.

Denne afhandling består af fire artikler, som hver især bidrager til debatten omkring PES ved at drage på læringer fra litteraturen om institutionel teori. Resultaterne består henholdsvis af en metaanalyse som gennemgår litteraturen, to casestudier og en kontekstuel, teori-drevet artikel, som gør sig gældende for både forskere såvel som praktikere. Ved at engagere sig i dette nye perspektiv kan forskere og praktikere af PES bedre forstå, hvordan institutioner og andre former for magt der er mindre hyppige eller mindre lette at observere, kan påvirke udviklingen og effektiviteten af PES-initiativer. Samlet set indikerer resultaterne at PES er nødt til at bryde væk fra kun at anvende ’rational action’ og ’transaction cost’ som styrende teorier, for at blive til at succesfuldt værktøj for bæredygtighed. Denne forskning fremstiller anbefalinger for en konceptuel omformulering af PES som et værktøj til at muliggøre et bæredygtigt forhold med naturen, samt at bevare og genoprette økosystemer og deres fordele for mennesker.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Udgivelses stedFrederiksberg
ForlagCopenhagen Business School [Phd]
Antal sider284
ISBN (Trykt)9788793579224
ISBN (Elektronisk)9788793579231
StatusUdgivet - 2017
NavnPhD series
Nummer25.2017
ISSN0906-6934

Citer dette

Jespersen, K. (2017). Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School [Phd]. PhD series, Nr. 25.2017
Jespersen, Kristjan. / Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory. Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School [Phd], 2017. 284 s. (PhD series; Nr. 25.2017).
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Jespersen, K 2017, Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory. PhD series, nr. 25.2017, Copenhagen Business School [Phd], Frederiksberg.

Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory. / Jespersen, Kristjan.

Frederiksberg : Copenhagen Business School [Phd], 2017. 284 s. (PhD series; Nr. 25.2017).

Publikation: Bog/antologi/afhandling/rapportPh.d.-afhandlingForskning

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Jespersen K. Advancing the Payments for Ecosystem Service Discourse through Institutional Theory. Frederiksberg: Copenhagen Business School [Phd], 2017. 284 s. (PhD series; Nr. 25.2017).