Achieving Shared Triple Bottom Line (TBL) Value Creation: Toward a Social Resource-based View (SRBV) of the Firm

Wendy Tate, Lydia Bals

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    While the economic and environmental dimensions of the triple bottom line (TBL) have been covered extensively by management theory and practice, the social dimension remains largely underrepresented. The resource-based view (RBV) of the firm and the natural resource-based view (NRBV) of the firm are revisited to lay the theoretical foundation for exploring how the social dimension might be addressed. Social capabilities are then explored by looking at the social entrepreneurship literature and illustrative cases with the purpose of elaborating RBV toward a social resource-based view (SRBV) of the firm. Three illustrative cases, which represent social businesses located in catastrophe-ridden Haiti, show how capabilities are used to overcome challenging constraints. The goal for the social entrepreneur is to employ the appropriate capabilities to ensure economic success, a positive environmental impact, and social benefits that leave the local community in a better position than without the business. Just as NRBV is a previous elaboration of RBV, so can SRBV be an elaborated theoretical foundation for future research. The components of a theory are systematically addressed by extending the range of variables (adding social capabilities), extending the domain (including stakeholders with economic, environmental, and/or social stakes), and offering propositions on variable relationships and outcome predictions (linking social capabilities and shared TBL value creation). By highlighting the social capabilities of social entrepreneurs, this research illuminates the micro-foundations of corporate social responsibility, emphasizing the value of individual level analyses.
    TidsskriftJournal of Business Ethics
    Udgave nummer3
    Sider (fra-til)803-826
    Antal sider24
    StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018

    Bibliografisk note

    Published online: 18 October 2016


    • Natural resource-based view
    • Resource-based view
    • Shared value
    • Sustainability
    • Triple bottom line
    • Social business
    • Social entrepreneurship