Conceptualizing and Measuring Transformational and Transactional Leadership

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • Ulrich Thy Jensen
  • Lotte Bøgh Andersen
  • Louise Ladegaard Bro
  • Anne Bøllingtoft
  • Tine Louise Mundbjerg Eriksen
  • Ann-Louise Holten
  • Christian Bøtcher Jacobsen
  • Jacob Ladenburg
  • Poul Aaes Nielsen
  • Heidi Houlberg Salomonsen
  • Niels Westergård-Nielsen
  • Allan Würtz
Existing conceptualizations and measures of transformational and transactional leadership have unclear theoretical bases, confound leadership and its effects, and are not necessarily suitable for public organizations. Overcoming these problems is necessary to test how leadership affects performance. Many public administration scholars apply the concepts, emphasizing the need to ensure that the concepts are applicable in both public and private organizations. The article reconceptualizes transformational and transactional leadership and develops and tests revised measures that can be employed on employees and leaders, are robust in terms of repeated use by the same respondents, and are applicable to public and private organizations alike.

Publication information

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdministration & Society
Number of pages31
StatePublished - 28 Aug 2016

Bibliographical note

Epub ahead of print. Published online: August 28, 2016

    Research areas

  • Transformational leadership, Transactional leadership, Measurement validity, Public organizations, Private organizations

ID: 45606428